B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus 2022 includes both theoretical subjects as well as practical classes. Here we provide the latest Bachelor Of Pharmacy Syllabus & Subjects as mentioned by the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI). Also, provide the link for B Pharmacy 2nd Sem books pdf free download.
From this B. Pharm PCI Syllabus additionally, you will get exact PT or Subjects Code for every subject of theory as well as practical. You can read the Syllabus for B Pharmacy AICTE or download it in PDF format given below the link.
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B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus
B Pharmacy 2nd Semester new syllabus of First-Year latest AICTE approved PCI syllabus are given below which is also the same as MAKAUT B Pharmacy 2nd Semester Syllabus. The second semester includes a total of six subjects among those four subjects that are mandatory.
Human Anatomy and Physiology-II Syllabus
B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus of Human Anatomy and Physiology-II is most important from freshers’ point of view. Most of the students don’t know what are the subjects in B Pharmacy’s 1st year? Here we provide the new Anatomy and Physiology Syllabus Bachelor of pharmacy first-year pdf. This syllabus is the same as with Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) provided syllabus.
Theory (PT- 215)
• Nervous System
Organizations of the nervous system, Details about Neuron, Neuroglia, Classification, and properties of the nerve fibers, Electrophysiology, Action Potential, Receptors, Nerve impulse, Synapse, and Neurotransmitters.
The central nervous system includes Meninges, Ventricles of the brain, Cerebrospinal Fluids, Structure, and functions of the brain (Brain stem, Cerebrum, Cerebellum), Spinal Cord (Structure, functions of afferent and efferent nerve tracts, Reflex activity)
• Digestive System
Anatomy of GIT with special reference to anatomy and functions of the stomach, acid production in the stomach, Acid production regulation through the parasympathetic nervous system, Pepsin role in protein digestion, small Intestine and large intestine, Anatomy and functions of salivary glands, Liver and pancreas, Movement of GIT, Absorption, and digestion of nutrients and disorders of GI tract.
ATP formation and role, Creatinine Phosphate and BMR.
• Respiratory System
Anatomy of the respiratory system, anatomy of lungs, mechanism of respiration, and regulation of respiration.
Lung Volumes and capacities transport of respiratory gases, resuscitation methods, and artificial respiration.
• Urinary System
Anatomy of the urinary tract, anatomy of kidney and nephrons, Functions of kidney and urinary tract, Physiology of the urine formation, Micturition Reflex, and role of kidneys in acid-base balance, RAAS role in kidney and disorders of the kidney.
• Endocrine System
Hormones classification, mechanism of hormone action, Structure and function of the Pituitary gland (master gland), thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal gland, pineal gland, thymus, and their disorders.
• Reproductive System
Anatomy and functions of the male and female reproductive system, sex hormones, Physiology of menstruation, fertilization, Oogenesis, spermatogenesis, pregnancy, and parturition.
• Introduction to Genetics
Chromosomes, genes, and DNA, Genetic pattern of inheritance, protein synthesis.
Practical (PT- 298)
I. To study the Integumentary and special senses using specimens and models.
II. To study the nervous system using specimens and models.
III. To study the endocrine system using specimens and models.
IV. To demonstrate the general neurological examination.
V. To demonstrate the function of the olfactory nerves.
VI. To examination the different types of taste.
VII. To demonstrate the visual activity.
VIII. To demonstrate the reflex activity.
IX. To record the body temperature.
X. To demonstrate negative and positive feedback mechanisms.
XI. To determine the tidal volume and vital capacity.
XII. To study digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, urinary, and reproductive systems with the help of models, charts, and specimens.
XIII. To record the basal mass index.
XIV. To study family planning devices and pregnancy diagnosis tests.
XV. Demonstrate the total blood count by cell analyzer.
XVI. Permanent slides of the vital organs and gonads.
Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry-I Syllabus
Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry-I is the other most important subject which syllabus described are in below. B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus can read online here or B Pharm 2nd Semester Syllabus 2022 Pdf can download above-given link.
This syllabus is the same as with Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) provided syllabus. Organic Chemistry b pharm 2nd semester pdf link is also given here for download just one click.
Theory (PT- 213)
• Classification, Nomenclature and Isomerism
Classification of Organic compounds, IUPAC and Common systems of nomenclature of organic compounds (up to 10 carbons open chain and carboxylic compounds), Structural Isomerism in organic compounds.
• Alkanes, Alkenes and Conjugated Dienes
SP3 Hybridization in the alkanes, Halogenation of alkanes, and Uses of Paraffins, Stabilities of alkenes, SP2 Hybridization in unsaturated alkenes.
E1 and E2 reactions – Kinetics of reactions, order of reactivity of alkyl halides, Carbonation rearrangement, Saytzeffs orientation, and evidence. E1 versus E2 reactions, factors affecting E1 and E2 reactions. Ozonolysis, electrophilic addition reaction of alkenes, Markownikoff’s orientation.
Stability of the conjugated Dienes, Diel-Alder reaction, electrophilic addition, and free radical addition reactions of conjugated Dienes, Allylic rearrangement.
• Alkyl Halides
SN1 and SN2 reactions – Kinetics of reactions, order of reactivity of Alkyl Halides, stereochemistry and rearrangement of the carbocations, SN1 reaction versus SN2 reaction, and factors affecting SN1 and SN2 reactions.
Structure and Uses of ethyl chloride, trichloroethylene, chloroform, tetrachloroethylene, dichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, and iodoform.
Qualitative tests, Structure, and Uses of Ethyl alcohol, Methyl Alcohols, Chlorobutanol, Cetosteryl alcohol, Glycerol, Benzyl alcohol, Propylene glycol.
• Carbonyl Compounds (Aldehydes and Ketones)
Nucleophilic addition reaction, Electrometric effect, Aldol condensation, Crossed aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Crossed Cannizzaro reaction, Benzoin condensation, Perkin condensation, qualitative tests, Structure and Uses of Formaldehyde, Paraldehyde, Chloral hydrate, Acetone, Hexamine, Vanillin, Benzaldehyde, Cinnamaldehyde.
• Carboxylic Acids
The acidity of the carboxylic acids, the effect of substituents on the acidity, Inductive effect, Qualitative tests for Amide, Carboxylic Acids, and ester.
Structure and Uses of Acetic acid, Lactic acid, Citric Acid, Tartaric acid, Succinic acid, Salicylic acid, Oxalic acid, Benzoic acid, Benzyl benzoate, Dimethyl phthalate, Methyl salicylate, and Acetylsalicylic acid.
• Aliphatic Amines
Basicity of aliphatic amines, Effect of substituents on basicity, Qualitative test, Structure, and Uses of ethanolamine, ethylenediamine, and amphetamine.
Practical (PT- 296)
A) Systematic quantitative analysis of unknown organic compounds
i. Preliminary tests like color, odor, aliphatic or aromatic compounds, saturation, and unsaturation.
ii. Detection of elements Nitrogen, Sulphur, and Halogen by Lassaigne’s test.
iii. Solubility tests.
iv. Functional group tests like Phenols, Amides or Urea, Carbohydrates, Amines, Carboxylic Acids, Alcohols, Esters, Aldehydes and Ketones, Aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons, Nitro compounds and Anilides.
v. Melting point or Boiling point of organic compounds.
vi. Identification of the unknown compound from the literature using melting point or boiling point.
vii. Preparation of the Confirmation and Derivatives of the unknown compound by melting point or boiling point.
viii. Minimum five unknown organic compounds to be analyzed systematically.
B) Preparation of suitable derivatives from organic compounds.
C) Construction of the molecular models.
Biochemistry is the other most important subject which syllabus described are in below. B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus can read online here or B Pharm Syllabus 2022 Pdf can download above-given link. This syllabus is the same as with Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) provided syllabus.
Theory (PT- 214)
• Biomolecules Introduction
Biomolecules Introduction, and classification, chemical nature and biological role of carbohydrate, lipids, nucleic acids, and amino acids & proteins.
Concept of free energy, endergonic and exergonic reaction, the relation between free energy, enthalpy, entropy, and Redox potential, Energy-rich compounds; classification, the biological significance of ATP and cyclic AMP.
• Carbohydrate Metabolism
Glycolysis pathway, energetic and significance; Citric acid cycle pathway, energetics, and significance; HMP Shunt and its significance; Glucose-6 Phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency; Glycogen Metabolism pathway and Glycogen Storage Disease (GSD); Gluconeogenesis process pathway and its significance; Hormonal regulation of blood glucose level in body and Diabetes Mellitus.
• Biological Oxidation
Electron transport chain (ETC) and its a mechanism; Oxidative phosphorylation & it’s the mechanism and substrate-level phosphorylation; Inhibitors ETC and oxidative phosphorylation or Uncouplers.
• Lipid Metabolism
Oxidation of saturated fatty acid (Palmitic and); Formation and utilization of ketone bodies and ketoacidosis; De novo synthesis of fatty acids, Biological significance of cholesterol and conversation of cholesterol into bile acids, steroid hormones and vitamin D; Disorders of lipid metabolism like Hypercholesterolemia, Atherosclerosis, Fatty liver, and Obesity.
• Amino Acid Metabolism
General reactions of amino acid metabolism, Transamination, Deamination and decarboxylation, Urea cycle and its disorders; Catabolism of phenylalanine and tyrosine and their metabolic disorders (Albinism, Phenylketonuria, Alkeptonuria, Tyrosinemia); Synthesis and significance of biological substances, 5-HT, Melatonin, Dopamine, Adrenaline, and Nor-adrenaline; Catabolism of heme and hyperbilirubinemia and jaundice.
• Nucleic Acid Metabolism and Genetic Information Transfer
Biosynthesis of the purine & pyrimidine nucleotides; Catabolism of the purine and pyrimidine nucleotides, and hyperuricemia and Gout disease; Organization of the mammalian genome; Structure of DNA and RNA and their functions; DNA replication process (semi-conservative model); Transcription process or RNA synthesis; Genetic Code, Translation process or Protein synthesis, and inhibitors.
Introduction to Enzymes, properties, nomenclature and IUB classification of enzymes; Enzyme kinetics (Michaelis plot, Line Weaver Burke plot); Enzyme inhibitors with examples; Regulation Of enzymes Enzyme, Enzyme induction, and repression, allosteric enzymes regulation; Therapeutic and diagnostic applications of enzymes and isoenzymes; Coenzymes structures and biochemical functions.
Practical (PT- 297)
I. Qualitative analysis of carbohydrates (Glucose, Fructose, Maltose, Lactose, Sucrose, and Starch).
II. Identification tests for proteins (Casein and Albumin).
III. Quantitative analysis of reducing sugars (DNSA method) and Proteins (Biuret method).
IV. Qualitative analysis of urine for abnormal constituents.
V. To determine blood creatinine.
VI. Determination of blood sugar.
VII. Determination of serum total cholesterol.
VIII. Preparation of buffer solution and measurement of the PH.
IX. Study of the enzymatic hydrolysis of starch.
X. Determination of salivary amylase activity.
XI. To Study the effect of temperature on salivary amylase activity.
XII. To study the effect of substrate concentration on salivary amylase activity.
Pathophysiology is the other most important subject which syllabus described are in below. B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus can read online here or PCI Syllabus B. Pharm 2021- 22 Pdf can download above-given link. This syllabus is the same as with Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) provided syllabus.
Theory (PT- 216)
• Basic Principles of Cell and Adaptation
Definitions, Introduction, Homeostasis, Feedback system, causes of cellular injury, Pathogenesis (Cell membrane damage, Nuclear damage, Mitochondrial damage, Ribosome damage)
Morphology of cell injury- Various Adaptive changes (Atrophy, Hypertrophy, Metaplasia, Hyperplasia, and Dysplasia), Cell signaling, Intracellular accumulation, Calcification, Enzyme leakage, Acidosis & alkalosis, Cell death and Electrolyte imbalance.
• Mechanism Involved in the Process of the Inflammations and Repair
Introduction, Clinical signs of Inflammation, Different types of inflammation, mechanism of inflammation- Alteration in the vascular permeability and blood flow, migration of the WBC (White Blood Cell) mediators of inflammation, Basic principles of wound healing in the skin, Pathophysiology of atherosclerosis.
• Cardiovascular System:- Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), Hypertension, Ischemic Heart Disease (Angina, myocardial infarction, arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis.
• Respiratory System:- Asthma, Bronkitis, Chronic obstructive airways diseases (COPD).
• Renal System:- Acute and Chronic renal failure
• Hematological Diseases:- Sickle Cell Anemia, Iron deficiency, megaloblastic anemia (Vitamin B12 and folic acid), Thalassemia, Hemophilia, Hereditary acquired anemia.
• Endocrine System:- Diabetes Types, Thyroid diseases, Sex hormones disorders.
• Nervous System:- Epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, Stroke, Schizophrenia, psychiatric disorders like depression, and Alzheimer’s disease.
• Gastrointestinal System:- Peptic ulcer
• GI Tract Related Disease:- Inflammatory bowel disease, Hepatitis (A, B, C, D, E, F), Alcoholic liver disease, and Jaundice.
• Disease of Joints and Bones:- Rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoporosis, and Gout.
• Principles of Cancer:- Cancer classification, etiology, and pathogenesis of the cancer.
• Infectious Diseases:- Leprosy, Meningitis, Tuberculosis, and Typhoid.
• Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD):- AIDS, Syphilis, and Gonorrhoea.
Computer Application In Pharmacy Syllabus
Computer Application In Pharmacy is the other most important subject which syllabus described are in below. B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus can read online here or B Pharm 2nd Semester Syllabus 2022 Pdf can download above-given link. This syllabus is the same as with Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) provided syllabus.
Theory (PTC- 203)
• Number System in Computer
The Binary and the Decimal number system, Octal number system, Hexadecimal number systems, Conversions of the decimal to binary number system, binary to decimal, octal to binary, etc.
Binary addition, Binary subtraction- One’s complement method, Two’s complement method, and binary division, Binary multiplication
• Concepts of Information System and Software System
Information gathering, requirement and feasibility analysis, data flow diagrams, process specifications, process life cycle, planning, output or input design, and managing the project.
• Web Technologies
Introduction to web technologies HTML, XML, Introduction to web servers and server products, Introduction to the databases MYSQL, CSS and programming languages, MS Access, and Pharmacy drug database.
• Application of the Computers in Pharmacy
Drug information storage and retrieval, Pharmacokinetics, a mathematical model in drug design, Electronic prescribing and discharge (EP) systems, barcode medicine identification and dispensing of drugs, Hospital, and clinical pharmacy, Mobile technology, and adherence monitoring.
Diagnostic systems, lab-diagnostic systems, Pharma information systems, Patient monitoring systems
Introduction and objectives of bioinformatics, Bioinformatics databases, impacts of bioinformatics in vaccine discovery and Concepts of Bioinformatics.
• Computers as Data Analysis in Pre-clinical Development
Chromatographic data analysis (CDA), Text Information Management System (TIMS), and laboratory information management system (LIMS).
Practical (PTC- 293)
I. Design a questionnaire using a word processing package to gather information about a particularly important disease.
II. Create an HTML web page to personal information show.
III. Retrieve the information of a drug and its adverse effects using online tools.
IV. Creating mailing levels using label wizard, generating labels in MS word.
V. Creating a database in MS Access to store the patient disease details information with the required fields using access.
VI. Design a form in MS Access to view, add, delete and modify the patient record in the database.
VII. Generating reports and printing the report from patients’ databases.
VIII. Creating an invoice table using MS Access.
IX. Drug information storage and retrieval using MS Access.
X. Creating & working with queries of the use of MS Access.
XI. Exploring tables, queries, forms, and reports to the web pages.
XII. Exporting tables, queries, forms, and reports to the XML pages.
Environmental Sciences Syllabus
Environmental Sciences is the other most important subject which syllabus described are in below. B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus can read online here or B Pharm 2nd Semester Syllabus Pdf JNTU Hyderabad Pdf can download above-given link. This syllabus is the same as with Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) provided syllabus.
Theory (HU- 282)
The multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies, Natural resources, Renewal and non-renewable resources, Natural resources and associated problems i) Forest resources, ii) Water resources, iii) Mineral resources, iii) Food resources, iv) Energy resources, v) Land resources, Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources.
Concepts of an ecosystem, Structure, and function of an ecosystem, Introduction, types, characteristics features, structure and function of the ecosystems; forest ecosystem; Grassland ecosystem; Desert ecosystem; Aquatic ecosystem (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries).
Environmental Pollution likes Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution.
Some Related FAQs to B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus
What are subjects in the 2nd semester B Pharmacy Course?
In the B Pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus Article we provide the Subjects name in the 2nd Semester B Pharmacy Course are:
i) Human Anatomy and Physiology-II
ii) Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry-I
v) Computer Application In Pharmacy
vi) Environmental Sciences
In 2nd Semester B Pharmacy how many subjects?
In 2nd Semester B Pharmacy Course having four main Subjects and two additional Subjects. Those are:
• Human Anatomy and Physiology-II
• Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry-I
• Computer Application In Pharmacy
• Environmental Sciences
Which are the main Subjects in B Pharmacy?
B pharmacy 2nd Semester New Syllabus post having the name of main Subjects in B Pharmacy 2nd Semester course are:
• Human Anatomy and Physiology-II
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