Body Fluids and Lymphatic System MCQ with Answers Pdf Free Download

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Body Fluids and Lymphatic System MCQ with Answers Pdf

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1. Lymph nodes may be located in the human body in the tissues of the
(A) Stomach and brain
(B) Groin and neck
(C) Ventricle and atrium
(D) Thyroid gland and adrenal gland
2. What is the shape of the red blood cells
(A) Biconcave shape to increase surface area for oxygen absorption
(B) Biconvex shape to increase surface area for oxygen absorption
(C) Fight infection
(D) They are red
3. Process of formation of blood corpuscles is called
(A) Haemolysis
(B) Hemozoin
(C) Haemopoiesis
(D) Haemoter
4. Which of the following blood components provide the major defence for our bodies against invading bacteria and viruses
(A) Red cells
(B) White cells
(C) Platelets
(D) Lipid
5. Neutrophils are attracted to the site of infection due to the process of
(A) Chemotaxis
(B) Phototaxis
(C) Hemotoxic
(D) None of the above
6. How much blood usually is donated at a time
(A) 1 pint
(B) 2 pints
(C) 1 quart
(D) 2 quarts
7. The relatively clear liquid medium which carries the other cells of blood is called
(A) Lipid
(B) Antibody
(C) Plasma
(D) Platelets
8. Which antibodies are found in the plasma of a person with type a blood
(A) Anti-a, but not anti b
(B) Neither anti-a nor anti b
(C) Both anti-a and anti b
(D) Anti-b, but not anti-a
9. Oxygen is supplied from the lungs to tissues and organs by
(A) Red blood cells
(B) White blood cells
(C) Plasma
(D)Platelets
10. The thymus is located at the
(A) Mediastinum
(B) Peristinum
(C) Epistinum
(D) Endostinum
11. Which of the following are likely to increase in quantities when the body is under attack from bacteria
(A) Erythrocytes
(B) Leukocytes
(C) Thrombocytes
(D) Plasma
12. An increased white blood cell count is indicative of which disease
(A) Lupus
(B) Leukaemia
(C) Anaemia
(D) Melanoma
13. Blood cells are produced in
(A) Kidney
(B) Lungs
(C) Bone marrow
(D) Glands
14. This plasma protein is responsible for blood coagulation
(A) Fibrinogen
(B) Globulin
(C) Serum amylase
(D) Albumin
15. Oxygen binds to the which portion of haemoglobin
(A) Iron
(B) Protein
(C) Globin
(D) None of the above
16. WBCs which release heparin and histamine
(A) Basophils
(B) Neutrophils
(C) Monocytes
(D) Eosinophils
17. Which of the following are the 3 steps of Hemostasis
(A) Vascular spasm, platelet adhesion, blood clotting
(B) Vascular spasm, platelet plug formation, blood clotting
(C) Vascular spasm, platelet aggregation, blood clotting
(D) Vascular spasm, platelet release.
18. Which of the following leukocytes respond when a person is allergic to something
(A) Eosinophils
(B) Neutrophils
(C) Lymphocytes
(D) None of the above
19. Lymph in the thoracic duct
(A) Contains fluid and cells collected from the left hand
(B) Contains chylomicrons collected from the intestine
(C) Contains fluid and cells collected from the left leg
(D) All of these are true
20. A Lymphocyte is a type of
(A) White blood cell that is a part of the immune system
(B) Red blood cell that is a part of the immune system
(C) Platelets that are a part of the immune system
(D)None of these
21. What does blood transport
(A) Nutrients
(B) Nutrients
(C) Carbon Dioxide
(D) All of the above
22. Which of the following statement is correct about Red Blood Cells (RBCs)
(A) RBC carries oxygen from the lungs to all the cells of the body
(B) It contains a pigment called Haemoglobin
(C) RBCs lack a nucleus
(D) All the above are correct
23. Absence of which clotting factor leads to Haemophilia-A
(A) Factor VII
(B) Factor VIII
(C) Factor IX
(D) Factor X
24. Which agency regulates blood donation
(A) American Medical Association
(B) The U.S. Health and Human Services
(C) FDA
(D) American Red Cross
25. The normal blood pressure of an adult is
(A) 100/80 mm Hg
(B) 100/60 mm Hg
(C) 120/80 mm Hg
(D) 80/120 mm Hg
26. The liquid part of blood is
(A) Plasma
(B) Water
(C) Cytoplasm
(D) Collagen
27. Which blood cells secréts antibody
(A) Eosinophils
(B) Monocytes
(C) Lymphocytes
(D) Neutrophils
28. Graveyard of RBC is
(A) Spleen
(B) Liver
(C) Kidney
(D) Thymus
29. Globulins of the blood plasma are responsible for
(A) Defence mechanisms
(B) Blood clotting
(C) Oxygen transport
(D) Osmotic balance
30. Blood is stained with
(A) Methylene blue
(B) Safranin
(C) Leishman stain
(D) Carbol fuchsine
31. There are 2 main types of Lymphocyte
(A) B cells and T cells
(B) B cells and c cells
(C) E cells and T cells
(D) None of these
32. What is the difference between red blood cells and white blood cells
(A) Red blood cells contain haemoglobin, but white blood cells do not
(B) Red blood cells can move on their own, but white blood cells cannot
(C) Red blood cells contain a nucleus, but white blood cells do not
33. Antigens are
(A) Found on the surface of red cells
(B) Kinds of red cells that identify a blood type
(C) Relatively large carbohydrate molecules
(D) A and b
34. How often can a donor give blood
(A) At any time
(B) Every 2 months
(C) Every 3 months
(D) Every 6 months
35. The spleen is located
(A) To the left of the liver
(B) To the left of the stomach
(C) Between the stomach and the liver
(D) To the left of the lung
36. What are the main functions of blood
(A) Transport
(B) Protection
(C) Regulation
(D) All the above
37. Vitamin essential for blood clotting is
(A) Vitamin K
(B) Vitamin A
(C) Vitamin B
(D) Vitamin C
38. The hormone erythropoietin Stimulates red blood cell production in the redbone marrow. Where in the body is erythropoietin produced
(A) Spleen
(B) Kidney
(C) Liver
(D) Thyroid
39. Phagocytosis is a process where some leukocytes (such as neutrophils) can
(A) Engulf and kill bacteria
(B) Enter and exit the bloodstream to go to the infected site
(C) Kill bacteria by releasing a host of chemicals that act as toxins to the bacteria
(D) None of the above
40. Which of the following white blood cells is capable of phagocytosis
(A) Basophil
(B) Eosinophil
(C) Lymphocyte
(D) Neutrophil
41. Irregular nuclei are maximum seen in
(A) Basophils
(B) Eosinophils
(C) Monocytes
(D) Neutrophil
42. Which part of human blood carries hormones and nutrients
(A) Plasma
(B) Platelets
(C) Red blood cells
(D) White blood cells
43. Which blood cells secrets antibody
(A) Eosinophils
(B) Monocytes
(C) Lymphocytes
(D) Neutrophils
44. Which of the following is NOT a part of the lymphatic system
(A) Bone marrow
(B) Thymus and spleen
(C) Adenoids and tonsils
(D) Liver
45. Most of the volume of normal human blood is composed of
(A) Red cells
(B) Haemoglobin
(C) Plasma
(D) White cells
46. Which leucocytes release heparin and histamine in the blood
(A) Neutrophil
(B) Basophil
(C) Eosinophil
(D) Monocytes
47. Which constituent of blood fight against infections
(A) Red blood cells
(B) White blood cells
(C) Plasma
(D) Platelets
48. Why are transfusions given
(A) To increase the amount of blood
(B) To increase the blood’s ability to carry oxygen
(C) To decrease the risk of bleeding
(D)
49. The blood corpuscles are of how many types
(A) 5
(B) 4
(C) 2
(D) 3
50. What is made in the bone marrow
(A) Blood cells
(B) Plasma
(C) Nutrients
(D) Fat
51. In the ABO system, blood group 0’ is characterized by the
(A) Presence of antigen 0
(B) Presence of both antigen A and antigen B
(C) Absence of both antigen A and antigen B
(D) Presence of antigen A and absence of antigen B
52. Which of the following is involved in immune responses
(A) WBCS
(B) RBCs
(C) Platelets
(D) Blood plasma
53. What is the shape of the nucleus in monocytes
(A) Kidney shaped
(B) Sausage shaped
(C) Triangular shape
(D) Round shape
54. Which constituent of blood helps in clotting of blood on cuts or wounds
(A) Red blood cells
(B) White blood cells
(C) Plasma
(D) Platelets
55. What does the body do with this large volume of fluid
(A) It exits the body as sweat
(B) It stays in the interstitial space until the blood volume is decreased
(C) It is absorbed into the lymphatic system
(D) It is transported to the kidney to
56. Platelets are formed from what type of cell
(A) Melanocytes
(B) Macrophages
(C) Astrocytes
(D) Megakaryocytes
57. Erythrocytes transport oxygen and carbon dioxide. How many oxygen molecules can bind one erythrocyte transport
(A) 4
(B) 250 million
(C) 1 billion
(D) None of the above
58. What part of blood is responsible for fighting infections
(A) Red Blood Cells
(B) White Blood Cells
(C) Platelets
(D) Plasma
59. Serum differs from blood as it lacks
(A) Antibodies
(B) Clotting factors
(C) Albumins
(D) Globulins
60. The blood corpuscles are of 3types and they are
(A) Coloured corpuscles- erythrocytes
(B) Colourless corpuscles Leucocytes
(C) Blood platelets
(D) All of these
61. There are five major leukocytes. Which of the following is the rarest of the five when a person is not sick
(A) Basophils
(B) Eosinophils
(C) Monocytes
(D) None of the above
62. Haemoglobin is a
(A) Reproductive pigment
(B) Respiratory pigment
(C) Carbohydrate
(D) Fat
63. Which type of WBC has the most active phagocytic action
(A) Lymphocytes and macrophages
(B) Neutrophils and Eosinophils
(C) Neutrophils and monocytes
(D) Eosinophils and lymphocytes
64. What is the diameter of basophils
(A) 10-12micrometer
(B) 8-10 micrometre
(C) 12-20micrometer
(D) 6-9 micrometre
65. Platelets are a part of blood that helps in the
(A) Formation of haemoglobin
(B) Formation of a clot
(C) Release of antibodies
(D) Absorption of amino acids
66. leukaemia is also known as
(A) Skin cancer
(B) Blood cancer
(C) Lungs cancer
(D) Kidney cancer
67. The lymphatic system consists of all the following except
(A) Blood
(B) Lymph nodes
(C) Lymphatic vessels
(D) Lymph
68. The lymph from the head, neck and right arm drains into the vena cava via what duct
(A) Hepatic duct
(B) Thoracic duct
(C) Right lymphatic duct
(D) Mammary duct
69. The lymphocytes which can develop Immunocompetence in the thymus is
(A) B lymphocytes
(B) T lymphocytes
(C) NK cells
(D) one of these
70. What is the average life span of RBCs
(A) 8-10 days
(B) 4 months
(C) 6 years
(D) 2 years
71. A major function of the lymphatic system is
(A) Circulation of blood
(B) Gas distribution
(C) Return of tissue fluid to the cardiovascular system
(D) Distribution of nutrients
72. Lymph differs from blood in having
(A) No plasma
(B) More RBCs and fewer WBCs
(C) More WBCs and no RBCs
(D) Plasma without proteins
73. Vitamin essential for blood clotting is
(A) Vitamin K
(B) Vitamin A
(C) Vitamin B
(D) Vitamin C
74. Which of the following statements about the spleen is FALSE
(A) If the spleen is removed, the liver
will take over its function
(B) The spleen’s capsule is very thin and can be ruptured easily by a direct blow
(C) In children under the age of 12 years old, the spleen will regenerate if a small piece is left
75. Human blood types in the ABO blood group are identified by
(A) Clotting factors in plasma
(B) Microscopic examination of white blood cells
(C) Antigen-antibody reactions
(D) Series of enzyme-controlled reactions
76. Which of the following components cause coagulation if introduced to the bloodstream
(A) Fibrinogen
(B) Prothrombin
(C) Heparin
(D) Thromboplastin
77. Which of the following blood group is referred to as a universal recipient
(A) A
(B) B
(C) AB
(D) O
78. Which of the following statements is true of antigen-antibody interactions
(A) They are used by our bodies only to identify blood types
(B) They are used to identify and reject microorganisms, such as viruses and bacteria, that invade our bodies
(C) They are the way our blood clots when we are bleeding from an
79. A major function of the lymphatic system is
(A) Gas distribution
(B) Return of tissue fluid to the cardiovascular system
(C) Distribution of nutrients
(D) Circulation of blood
80. Platelets are also known as
(A) Granulocytes
(B) Monocytes
(C) Thrombocytes
(D) Globulins
81. Which of the following statements is True concerning human blood
(A) The blood of all normal humans contains red and white cells, platelets, and plasma
(B) Some human populations cannot normally produce plasma
(C) Proteins are not normal components of human blood
82. DNA is not present in
(A) An enucleated ovum
(B) Hair root
(C) A mature spermatozoa
(D) Mature RBCs
83. What is considered the formed elements of blood
(A) Erythrocyte
(B) Leukocytes
(C) Thrombocytes
(D) All of the above
84. An infection in the body might result in a sudden
(A) Decrease in the activity of antigens produced by the mitochondria
(B) Decrease in the amount of DNA present in the nuclei of cells
(C) Increase in the activity of white blood cells
85. Red blood cells have a nucleus
(A) It may contain the nucleus
(B) True
(C) False
(D) None of these
86. Donated blood undergoes screening for which diseases
(A) HIV
(B) Viral hepatitis
(C) Diabetes
(D) Both (a) and (b)
87. Who discovered blood groups
(A) Thomas Cooley
(B) Karl Landsteiner
(C) Camillo Golgi
(D) Ernst Haecker
88. Lymphocytes that do not reach the thymus become
(A) T-cells
(B) B-cells
(C) Plasma cells
(D) Beta cells
89. Afferent vessels enter the side of the lymph node, and efferent vessels exit the side of the lymph node
(A) Convex; concave
(B) Concave; convex
(C) Top; bottom
(D) Convex Concave
90. Red cell count is carried out by
(A) Electrogram
(B) Sphygmomanometer
(C) Haemoglobinometer
(D) Haemocytometer
91. Collections of lymphoid tissue (MALT) that guard mucosal surfaces include all the following, EXCEPT
(A) Appendix nodules
(B) The thymus
(C) Peyer’s patches
(D) Lymphoid nodules in the wall of the bronchi
92. Erythrocyte is another name for all
(A) Red cell1
(B) White cell
(C) Platelet
(D) Lipid
93. On what basis blood group is classified
(A) Antigen and antibody
(B) Rh factor
(C) Haemoglobin content
(D) Oxygen content
94. The process of blood clotting is called
(A) Hemostasis
(B) Agglutination
(C) Homeostasis
(D) None of the above
95. Which among the following is true regarding leucocytes
(A) They are enucleated
(B) Produced in the thymus
(C) Sudden fall in number indicate cancer
(D) They can squeeze through capillary walls
96. Which of the following are the principal lymphoid organs in the body
(A) Lymph nodes
(B) Peyer’s patches
(C) Spleen
(D) Tonsils
97. By volume, the red blood cells constitute about how much % of whole blood
(A) 15
(B) 25
(C) 35
(D) 45

98. Which of the following leukocytes can produce antibodies
(A) Monocytes
(B) Neutrophils
(C) B lymphocytes
(D) None of the above

99. Red Blood Cells are also known as
(A) Erythrocytes
(B) Platelets
(C) Leukocytes
(D) None of the above

100. Which of the following leukocytes do not have multi-lobed nuclei
(A) Lymphocytes and Monocytes
(B) Neutrophils and Basophils
(C) Basophils and Eosinophils
(D) None of the above

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